5 Places in Central Ohio to Experience Native American History
May 19, 2014
Between 1000 B.C. and 1700, Central Ohio was the nexus of many groups of Native American cultures that today we call the Moundbuilders. The history of the Adena, Hopewell and Fort Ancient people is often overlooked, but there are still many sites around Columbus that offer a glimpse of these cultures. Here are five destinations where you can see earthworks and artifacts and get an idea of what life was like in the distant past. 1. Newark Earthworks - The Newark Earthworks are made up of three sites, all about 45 minutes east of Columbus and are on track to be named a UNESCO World Heritage Site. The Hopewell people built these vast earthworks by moving dirt with baskets - which is incredible, considering the vastness of this site. The Octagon Earthwork consists of eight walls, each measuring 5-6 feet tall and 550 feet long, enclosing an area of 50 acres. The earthworks were a ceremonial center, a burial ground and a calendar - they are aligned with the solstices.
2. Hopewell Culture National Historic Park- About an hour south of Columbus along the Scioto River in Chillicothe, this vast site was an ancient capital of the Hopewell people. The Mound City Group at the park is a 13-acre rectangular area enclosed by earthen walls 3-4 feet high. Inside are at least 23 conical burial and ceremonial mounds Archaeologists have found indication that a ceremonial road once connected the Newark and Chillicothe sites - arrow-straight, 200 feet wide and 60 miles long.
3. Ohio History Center - This museum near the Ohio Expo Center and Crew Stadium houses lots of artifacts from Ohio's past, but some of its most iconic pieces date from the Hopewell era, around 200 A.D. A copper face effigy, found at the Hopewell Culture National Historic Park and intricately carved effigy pipes are among the collection.
4. Shrum Mound - Located within the city limits of Columbus, this mound stands at 20 feet tall and 100 feet in diameter. Columbus was once scattered with hundreds of earthworks, but few remain - this is one of the best and easiest to access locally.
5. High Banks Metro Park - Located north of Columbus in Lewis Center along the bluffs of the Olentangy River, this park contains two Adena mounds and an earthwork.